Breast cancer stage 1 is the early stage of breast cancer, where the cancer-sized lump appears 2 cm or smaller breasts. These bumps are still has to not spread to lymph nodes in the armpit part or other structures around the breast.
Breast cancer is one of the types of cancer that is harmful to women, after cervical cancer. Cancer cells will grow and strike your breast tissue, for example milks, water outlet lobulus (milk-producing factory), along with other supporting tissues such as fat tissue. So far not yet know the exact cause of breast cancer, the one thing that is known is the disease emerged because of cell damage and genetic nature of changes in the breast tissue.
Some things are often associated with increased risk of breast cancer occurs in women. These risk factors include unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption, age above 50 years of age, obesity, hormonal disorders, radiation exposure, the age of first menstruation under 12 years of age, menopause, and factors offspring. A woman has a higher risk of breast cancer if there is a history of breast cancer in his family.
Characteristics of breast cancer you need to Know
Has a risk or not, it certainly doesn’t hurt to recognize the signs of breast cancer. Especially breast cancer stage 1. So if the cancer cells are growing, you are not too late to treat it. The following is characteristics of a breast cancer stage 1 you need to know.
The appearance of lumps in the breasts.
Lumps on the breasts is one signs of the emergence of early breast cancer. These bumps are not always painful. However, not all of the bumps that appear on the cancerous breast. These bumps can be palpated as you do personal checks at home.
Breast skin color changed.
This discoloration is sometimes mistaken with the infection. In fact, if you are not sure with bumps that appear on the inside of the breast, skin discoloration is enough to make you more alert. At this stage, the breast skin will be a reddish irritation occurs, such as texture and skin color is to like orange peel, and the surface of the skin of the affected area of the breast cancer seems to occur, and a squiggly thickening of the skin.
Characteristics of breast cancer stage 1 is with the advent of changes in the nipple is accompanied pained. May also be abnormal fluid coming out of the nipple or nipple melesak into.
Lump in armpit appears.
Even though it is called breast cancer, does not mean a lump under armpit you encounter has nothing to do with cancer. Breast tissue extends to below the armpit. This is why cancer can spread via the lymph nodes under the armpit.
In order to recognize the characteristics of a breast cancer stage 1 above, try to diligently do a breast self Examination or REALIZE every month. Diligent doing ECSTASY can also help you identify the texture of the breast tissue itself, so you are able to feel a gaffe on the breast and can promptly send as early as possible. An examination of early breast cancer include physical examination of the breasts to a physician, as well as breast ULTRASOUND or mammografi. The best time doing realize is a week after menstruation ends.
Breast cancer is no less turn it off with the cervical cancer. The sooner the disease is detected, then the higher the figure the success of treatment. To reduce the risk of cancer, it is recommended that you keep your diet and lead a healthy life, as well as routine do realize. If you are potentially affected by breast cancer because it has a mother or blood relatives who suffer from cancer, try to consult a doctor.
Stage 1 breast cancer Treatment
There are many treatments for breast cancer, and most people needs a combination of two or more types of treatment.
Therapy given before the primary treatment is called neoadjuvant therapy. An example is when chemotherapy is used to shrink the tumor before surgery. Therapy given after the primary treatment called therapeutic adjuvants. The goal of therapy is to make adjuvan not relapse again. You can also find out the complementary therapies at each stage of breast cancer. This is a therapy that is used with standard medical care. Many women benefit from therapies such as acupuncture, massage, and yoga.
Although there is a standard treatment for the type and stage of breast cancer, your treatment will be tailored to your personal needs. Associated with the diagnosis stage of cancer, the doctor will You consider the type of breast cancer you have and other health factors. Your plan will be tailored to how good Your response.
Stage 0 Breast Cancer Treatment
If precancerous cells are found in the milk ducts, it is called non-invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Stage 0 breast cancer can spread to the outside of the funnel. The treatment is designed to stop you from invasive breast cancer. Lumpektomi plus radiation therapy is sufficient in many cases.
In lumpektomi, the surgeon removes the cancer cells. This is a good choice when DCIS is not yet spread, and may even be done as outpatient procedures.
“A simple Mastectomy” is the surgical removal of the breast. It is used when DCIS is found across the channel. The operation to reconstruct the breast can be started at the time of mastectomy or at a later date.
Radiation is a type of targeted therapy. This is usually recommended in conjunction with the lumpectomy for breast cancer stage 0. High energy x-rays used to destroy cancer cells,
Preventing the spread, and the risk of relapse. Radiation therapy is usually given five days a week for five to seven weeks.
Your doctor will probably recommend hormone therapy if you have lumpektomi for estrogen receptor positive (ER +) or progesterone receptor positive (PR +). Oral hormone treatment, such as tamoxifen, commonly prescribed for lowering the risk of developing invasive breast cancer. Hormone therapy is not always prescribed for women who have done a mastectomy for breast cancer stage 0.
You may receive trastuzumab (Herceptin) therapy if Your breast cancer tests positive for human growth factor of HER-2.
Stage 1 Breast Cancer Treatment Option
Breast cancer stage 1A means the primary tumor is 2 centimeters or less and the lymph nodes are not affected. On stage 1B, no tumor in the breast, or are smaller than 2 cm and cancer found in lymph nodes aksila. Both are considered early stage invasive breast cancer. Surgery or therapy adjuvants may be recommended.
Both mastectomy and Lumpektomi is the choice for breast cancer stage 1. This decision is based on the size and location of the primary tumor, and personal preference. A biopsy of the lymph nodes may be done at the same time. For breast reconstruction, mastectomy can be started at the same time or after additional treatment is completed.
Radiation therapy is often recommended after surgery for breast cancer stage 1. This may not be necessary for women over the age of 70 years, especially if the hormone therapy may be performed.
Hormone therapy can be recommended for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, regardless of the size of the tumor.
Chemotherapy is not always required for breast cancer at an early stage, especially if they can be treated with hormone therapy. A negative against breast cancer ER, PR, HER2 and called triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Chemotherapy is almost always required because there is no treatment that is targeted for TNBC.
Stage 2 Breast Cancer Treatment
On the stage of the tumor is smaller than 2A 2 centimeters and has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or between 2 and 5 centimeters and has to not spread to lymph nodes. Stage 2B means the tumor is between 2 and 5 centimeters and has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or is larger than 5 centimeters and has to not spread outside the breast. You will probably need a combination of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy.
Lumpektomi and mastectomy may be an option depending on the size and location of the tumor. A modified radical mastectomy is the Rapture of the breast including the chest muscles. If you select the reconstruction, the process can be started at the same time or after cancer treatment is completed.
Radiation therapy targeting cancer cells left in the chest and/or lymph nodes.
Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy to kill cancer cells throughout the body. A powerful drug given intravenously over several weeks or months. There are many chemotherapy drugs used to treat breast cancer, including docetaxel (Taxotere), doxorubicin (adriamycin) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan). You may receive a combination of some chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy is very important for TNBC.
After all other treatment is completed, you can get the benefits of advanced treatment for ER +, PR +, HER2 + and. Oral medications are generally prescribed for five years.
Stage 3 Breast Cancer Treatment
Stage 3A breast cancer means that the cancer has spread to four to nine aksila lymph nodes (armpits), or the presence of enlarged lymph nodes internal mamaria. The primary tumor can be any size. It also could mean a tumor larger than 5 cm, and small groups of cancer cells found in lymph nodes. Finally, stage 3A can also include the size of the tumor is larger than 5 cm with the involvement of 1-3 lymph node or aksila chest.
Stage 3B means breast tumors have invaded the chest wall or skin and may or may not have attacked until nine lymph nodes. Stage 3 c means cancer is found in 10 or more lymph nodes aksila, lymph nodes near the collarbone, or internal mammary glands.
Inflammatory breast cancer symptoms are different from other types of breast cancer. Diagnosis may be delayed because usually there is no breast lumps. By definition, a diagnosis of inflammatory breast cancer usually at stage 3B or more.
Treatment for stage 3 breast cancer is similar to stage 2. If you have a large primary tumor, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy to reduce them before the operation. If not, it will resume chemotherapy after surgery. Hormone therapy will be prescribed if needed. Radiation therapy may be needed before starting the reconstruction.
Stage 4 Breast cancer Treatment
Stage 4 showed that breast cancer has spread to more distant parts of the body. Breast cancer most commonly spreads to the lungs, brain, liver, or bone. Aggressive systemic therapy is the primary treatment. Depending on the type of breast cancer, you may have one or more chemotherapy and targeted therapy. The number and location of the tumor to determine Your surgical options.
Clinical trials are research studies that people use to test new treatments. Ask Your oncologist for information about trials that is available.